The Port of Barcelona presents the first Guidelines for Cruise Terminals
The Port of Barcelona has been leading the World Association for Waterborne Transport Infrastructure (PIANC) Working Group (WG) 152, which today (16 March) unveiled its first Guidelines for Cruise Terminals.
The work was presented as part of Seatrade Global 2016, the global benchmark event in the sector, held this year in Fort Lauderdale.
David Pino, chairman of WG 152 and Head of Territorial Planning and Technical Management of Concessions at the Port of Barcelona, presented the conclusions of the study to a large group of practitioners and managers from the cruise sector.
“Our work has been pioneering, because this is the first guide of its kind, despite the global boom currently enjoyed by cruise tourism. First of all, we set out to create a useful and practical document for the sector, which highlights aspects such as rationality, efficiency and sustainability”, said Mr Pino.
Set up in 2012, WG 152 has worked to draft a set of guidelines for the functional design of cruise terminals using a study of the needs of modern cruise ships and an analysis of the port facilities involved in this traffic sector. The document is the result of four years’ work with members of the World Association for Waterborne Transport Infrastructure from five countries (the United States, Norway, Italy, the Netherlands and Spain) and representatives of terminal operators, engineering consultants, port authorities and shipping companies.
As David Pino stated, the guide includes all of the areas involved in cruiseship operations: elements on the maritime side, the wharf-side services area (apron), terminal building and land transport area. It also includes guidelines on security and financial and operational aspects, which are of great importance for the cruise industry.
The guide sets out the various aspects to be defined before designing the maritime part of cruise terminals, such as the characteristics of the ships that the port expects to receive, approach and berthing manoeuvres, mooring and defence systems and the type of protection against erosion of propellers, among other details.
The guide also specifies the elements and aspects which a cruise terminal building should include in order to provide maximum efficiency in loading and unloading operations. The document attaches special importance to the land transport area, which includes bus parking areas, taxi ranks, parking areas for accompanying persons and a car park for workers. According to the guide, which recommends a prior mobility study before facilities are designed, this area contributes significantly to passenger comfort.
From the financial viewpoint, it is recommended to define a business plan with a long-term vision that includes specific objectives and the appropriate strategy to achieve them. The business plan must specify infrastructure cost and investment and operating and maintenance costs on the one hand, and forecast revenue sources on the other.
Set up in 1885, the World Association for Waterborne Transport Infrastructure (PIANC) provides expert advice on developing efficient, reliable and sustainable infrastructures to foster the growth of transport by sea. As a non-profit organisation, the association brings together the best international technical, economic and environmental experts in the field of maritime infrastructures.